The Bucharest Ketubah
Jews have been living in Romania since the 16th century; first the Jewish Turkish merchants first settled there, followed by waves of Ashkenazim over the centuries. The Jews of Bucharest have both suffered misfortunes and flourished profoundly at different eras during the last half-millennium in and around Bucharest, Moldovia and Walachia.
The Romanian Jewish tradition of Ketubah art is one of the best of the European and Ashkenazi Jews. The Ketubot of Bucharest often traditionally included references to the twelve tribes of Israel (such as the names and symbols of the 12 tribes aligning the columns of the Bucharest Ketubah) and the blue that is now so powerfully associated with Judaism.