The Modena Ketubah-1757
The Jews of Modena were known as bankers (under the protection of the House of Este) and scribes, particularly the Cabbalistic scribes, since 1025. The Jewish tradition of Modena is rich and varied. When the Jews were expelled from Bologna and other parts of Italy, they escaped to the safety of Modena. They were the heart of the "Italkim," the Jews of Italy.
The tradition of Ketubot is one of the greatest remaining gifts to modern Jewry from Modena. The Ketubot of Modena were elegant yet ornate -- a perfect combination representing the complexity of traditional Jewish life in Modena.
The Modena Ketubah incorporates the elaborate details of the southern Sephardic Jews -- and applies it to a more traditionally Ashkenazy format, where a simple frame holds the text. The use of one single color was popular in the early sixteenth century, as pigments were scarce, and the color red was the most appropriate option when writing on parchment.